Oil Prices - Pain Before Pleasure

Painful Correction Ahead

We have grown more skeptical of consensus world-view and foresee a greater probability of a painful correction in oil prices in the near term. 

Record Speculative Net Length, No Price Momentum

Investor enthusiasm has lost momentum following the announcement of OPEC production cuts and proclamations of potentially inflationary fiscal policy under the new US administration. Early speculative positioning will likely suffer as the pace of transformation proves underwhelming.

Source: Tradingview.com via CME

The shorts (speculators expecting oil prices to fall) have been punished, and have retreated. The longs (speculators expecting oil prices to rise) have grown, but without being able to generate any kind of positive price momentum. Indeed, price action had been choppy.

Meanwhile, the speculative net-long positioning in oil is at record highs, suggesting there's no one left to buy it without considerable expansion of the market (a condition that only happens when macro money flow and price momentum crest simultaneously). 

Source: Credit Suisse - The Flowing Oil Chartbook February 1, 2017

Source: John Kemp @JKempEnergy

Market Focused On OPEC Compliance

OPEC compliance has been excellent, thus far. Given the net length of speculative interest, one could easily say, "Prego, it's in there" (Please excuse reference to 1980's spaghetti sauce commercial). Unfortunately, we have not seen any of those cuts show up as accelerated inventory depletion. Inventories remain at record highs. Moreover, product inventories of gasoline in the US, are growing in excess of seasonal expectations. Anecdotal evidence of gasoline tanker imports being redirected suggest the market may revisit the "oversupplied" thesis once again, and dubious demand data (derived, not measured) may even lead some to question their unshakable belief in perpetual demand expansion.

Source: Credit Suisse - The Flowing Oil Chartbook February 1, 2017

Source: Credit Suisse - The Flowing Oil Chartbook February 1, 2017

Source: John Kemp @JKempEnergy

Iran Sanctions and Potential Border Tax - Bullish?

While renewed sanctions on Iran would be potentially bullish for WTi prices, the reaction thus far from the Administration for various breaches of the landmark agreement has been targeted, not broad. We believe that if anything, Iran will abandon any hint of cooperation with OPEC, accelerating exports and drawdowns of floating storage to maximize revenue while they can. Ultimately, while a new round of Iran sanctions could translate into reduced production, in the near-term the opposite will likely prove true.

Discussions about a potential Border Tax are unilaterally bullish for WTI and domestic crude oil prices, as the United States is a net importer of crude. It should be clarified that a tax would impact relative pricing, not an absolute pricing. On a global basis, it's not at all clear how a border tax might affect overall crude oil prices, as negative implications for global growth from changing trade flows might more than offset increased cost pressure. Moreover, unlike an executive order on immigration, proposed changes to broader policies, such as taxes, involve consensus beyond the executive branch of the Federal Government. Thus, we are less inclined to incorporate probabilities of a border tax into our near-term price outlook. 

Forward Curves have Flattened, but Contango Persists

While the forward curve for crude oil has flattened, the market structure remains contango. Thus there is still no immediate sign that inventory draws are imminent. Without backwardation, it is unlikely the physical markets will clear the overhang of inventory. 

Source: Credit Suisse - The Flowing Oil Chartbook February 1, 2017

 

US Shale Activity puts Ceiling on Near-Term Price Gains

The surge in activity in core areas such as the Permian has been immediate and decisive. OPEC must certainly be taken aback by the potential of resurgent US supply displacing their efforts to shift the natural supply-demand response forward. Speculative interest has seemed to ignore this response, which is one of the reasons we have grown so skeptical of the near-term outlook. 

Source: Enercom 360

Source: Enercom 360

The Fallacy of "Talking Down" a Currency 

Cutting thru the noise of politics, the fact is that talking down (or up) a currency is ineffective without fundamental fiscal and monetary cooperation. While the administration might suggest it would like to see a lower dollar, that's an impossible outcome when combined with inflationary fiscal policy and a Central Bank that has already begun a pre-emptive tightening cycle. The dollar will likely remain quite strong in this fundamental environment. 

Furthermore, from an oil market perspective, China has not yet definitively overcome is GDP deceleration / Capital flight acceleration. We expect the Yuan to continue its path reaching 7.00 to the dollar during late 2017. A weaker Yuan suggests oil prices need to go down, not up, from here.

 

Source: XE.com

Aremet Energy Consulting - Unconventional Insights

We have over 20 year's experience navigating oil and gas prices as well as public and private investment opportunities across the petroleum-based energy sector (Upstream, Midstream, Downstream and Marketing).

Our most unconventional insights include:

 "Immediate, independently-measured data on crude oil inventories and commodity flows will replace biased-survey-based data and revolutionize the upstream trading and capital investment cycle."
 "Oil companies have been mislead into pursuing ineffective and overpriced hedging strategies."
 "Oil markets do not trend toward equilibrium. Balanced markets only happen by accident, and disequilibrium is the norm."
"The real cost of debt (including bankruptcy risk) for companies exposed to commodity prices is far higher than advertised, leading to poor capital allocation decisions and sub-optimal strategy execution."

About the author

Matt Epstein leads Aremet Energy Consulting, an independent advisory boutique based in Greenwich, Connecticut. With over 20 years experience as an energy specialist, Mr. Epstein is regularly engaged by oil companies, investment managers, and commodity traders for assistance managing commodity price volatility, and for innovative financial structuring solutions. 

© 2017 Matt Epstein, All rights reserved

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